What Are the 7 Winter Olympic Sports?

The winter Olympics are almost upon us! Here’s a quick rundown of the 7 sports that will be featured in this year’s games.

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Skiing is a winter Olympic sport that includes six different events: alpine skiing, cross-country skiing, freestyle skiing, Nordic combined, ski jumping, and snowboarding. Alpine skiing consists of racing down an icy slope on skis, while cross-country skiing is a longer event that takes place on flat ground. Freestyle skiing includes events like moguls and aerials, while Nordic combined is a combination of ski jumping and cross-country skiing. Ski jumping is exactly what it sounds like – athletes jump off a ramp and try to land as far as possible. Snowboarding is a newer event that was first introduced in the 1998 Winter Olympics. It consists of athletes competing in events like halfpipe, slopestyle, and giant slalom.

Downhill Skiing

Downhill skiing is a winter sport that involves racing down a slope, with the skier usually starting at the top of the hill. It is considered to be one of the most dangerous sports, as there is a high risk of injury from falls and collisions.

Cross-Country Skiing

Cross-country skiing is one of the oldest types of skiing, and was probably developed in Scandinavia. It is a form of skiing where the skier uses his or her own locomotion to travel across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance. Cross-country skiing is widely practiced as a sport and recreational activity; however, some skiers use it as a means of transportation.

Cross-country skiing generally requires minimal equipment. A pair of skis, poles, and boots are sufficient for most purposes. However, people can also purchase specialized clothing, gloves, hats, and other items to improve their comfort while skiing. Skiers can either purchase downhill ski equipment and use it for cross-country skiing, or they can purchase equipment designed specifically for cross-country skiing.

The main difference between the two types of equipment is that cross-country ski boots are not rigidly attached to the skis, as they are in downhill skiing. This allows the skier’s heel to rise during the kick phase of each stride, which gives the skier more power and makes cross-country skiing less tiring than downhill skiing. Cross-country ski poles are also shorter than those used in downhill skiing, and have curved baskets at the tips to prevent them from sinking too deeply into soft snow.


Snowboarding is a winter Olympic sport that includes four events: parallel giant slalom, halfpipe, snowboard cross, and slopestyle. It made its Olympic debut at the 1998 Nagano Games.


A halfpipe is a semi-circular structure used for performing tricks while snowboarding. It consists of two quarter pipes (half pipes) that are placed back-to-back. Snowboarders ride up one side of the halfpipe and then perform a variety of tricks as they descend down the other side.

The first official halfpipe competition was held in Japan in 1996. In 1998, the halfpipe made its debut as an official medal event at the Winter Olympic Games in Nagano, Japan. Today, the halfpipe is one of the most popular events in competitive snowboarding.

Some of the most common tricks performed in the halfpipe include 540s, 720s, 900s, McTwists, and method airs. Many of these tricks are named after the number of rotations that are performed during the trick. For example, a 540 is a 360° spin with an added 180° jump.


Slopestyle is a relatively new Olympic sport, making its debut at the Sochi games in 2014. It’s similar to halfpipe, but instead of riding up and down a pipe, competitors ride on a course with a series of jumps and rails. The goal is to do as many tricks as possible while maintaining style points.

Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, rink Hockey played with a hockey puck and sticks. Invented in Canada in the late 1800s, it was originally named “shinny” after the original game which didn’t use skates.

The game is played by two teams of six players each, including a goaltender, skating on large ice rinks. The objective is to score goals by shooting a hard rubber puck into the opposing team’s net using a hockey stick.

Hockey is categorized as an Olympic sport and has been played at the Winter Olympics since 1924. It is also a popular sport at both the collegiate and professional levels in North America. Women’s hockey is also an Olympic sport and has been played since 1998.

Figure Skating

Figure skating is one of the most popular sports at the Winter Olympics, and has been a part of the games since they began in 1924. The sport is divided into two disciplines: singles and pairs. In singles, skaters perform a routine of jumps, spins, and other moves set to music. In pairs, skaters perform together with one person lifting and throwing the other. Figure skating is also a team event, in which countries compete against each other in a series of events.

The most famous figure skaters are those who compete in the singles events. Some of the most successful Olympians in history have been figure skaters, including Kristi Yamaguchi, Katarina Witt, and Scott Hamilton.

Speed Skating

Speed skating is a winter sport in which competitors race each other in laps around a rink. It is one of the sports featured in the Winter Olympic Games.

There are two main types of speed skating: long track and short track. Long track speed skating is contested on a 400-meter oval, while short track speed skating takes place on a smaller, 110-meter rink.

Speed skaters can reach speeds of up to 30 miles (48 kilometers) per hour. The world record for the men’s 500-meter race is held by South Korean-born Dutchman Sjoerd de Vries, who skated the distance in 35.36 seconds. The women’s world record for the 500 meters is held by China’s Wang Meng, who clocked a time of 37.22 seconds.

The Olympic program currently features eight events: four each for men and women. The events are: 500 meters, 1,000 meters, 1,500 meters, 5,000 meters (men only), and 10,000 meters (women only). There are also two team events: the 3,000-meter relay and the 5,000-meter relay.


The Biathlon is one of the most popular winter Olympic sports. It consists of cross-country skiing and rifle shooting. The sport was developed in Scandinavia in the 18th century as a way to train soldiers.

The modern biathlon was first contested at the 1960 Winter Olympics in Squaw Valley, California. There are four different biathlon events: the sprint, the Pursuit, the Mass start, and the relay.

The sprint is a7.5 kilometer race for men and a 6 kilometer race for women. The competitors ski three laps around a course and stop at a shooting range to shoot twice at five targets. The first miss addes a one minute penalty to their time, and each subsequent miss adds another minute.

The Pursuit is a 12.5 kilometer race for men and a 10 kilometer race for women. The competitors start at intervals based on their results in the sprint race, with the fastest starting first and the slowest starting last. The goal is to catch the competitor in front of them, and they are given extra time if they do so.

The Mass start is a 15 kilometer race for men and a 12.5 kilometer race for women. All of the competitors start at once, and there are four shooting rounds instead of two.

The relay is a 4 x 7.5 kilometer race for men and a 4 x 6 kilometer race for women. Each team has four members, and each member completes one leg of racing and one round of shooting before passing off to the next teammate.

All biathlon competitors must carry their own rifles with them on the course, which must be carried in accordance with International Biathlon Union rules. These rules state that the rifle must be carried on either shoulder or in both hands with both elbows pointing down; it may not be carried in one hand only or horizontal to the ground


Curling is a sport in which players slide stones across a sheet of ice towards a target area. It is often considered a type of bowls or shuffleboard, but is unique in its use of brooms to help control the speed and direction of the stone. Curling was first played in Scotland in the 16th century, and has been an Olympic sport since 1988.

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