What Are the Sports in Winter Olympics?

The Winter Olympics are just around the corner, and we’re all excited to see the best athletes in the world compete. But what are the sports that will be featured in the 2018 Winter Olympics?

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Although it may seem that the only sports played in the Winter Olympics are skiing and snowboarding, there are actually many different sports featured in the games. Below is a list of some of the most popular sports in the Winter Olympics.

• Alpine Skiing: This discipline of skiing includes downhill, slalom, and giant slalom events.

•Biathlon: This winter sport combines cross-country skiing with rifle shooting.

•Bobsleigh: This winter sport involves teams of two or four athletes racing down an icy track in a sleigh.

•Cross-Country Skiing: As the name suggests, this sport involves skiing across snowy terrain.

•Curling: This sport is played on ice and involves participants throwing stones towards a target area.

•Figure Skating: One of the most popular events in the Winter Olympics, figure skating involves athletes performing various jumps, spins, and lifts on ice.

•Freestyle Skiing: This sport includes any type of skiing that is not traditional alpine or cross-country skiing, such as mogul skiing, ski cross, and aerials.

•Ice Hockey: A favorite Winter Olympic sport, ice hockey is played on an icy surface by teams of skaters using sticks to hit a puck into their opponents’ net.

•Luge: A luge is a small sled that one or two athletes ride down an icy track lying face up or face down.

•Nordic Combined: This winter sport combines cross-country skiing with ski jumping.

•Short Track Speed Skating: This event takes place on a small oval track and involves speed skating around sharp turns.

•Skeleton: Similar to luge, skeleton involves racing down an icy track on a small sled but riders go head-first instead of lying down.

•Ski Jumping: As the name suggests, this event involves athletes jumping off a ramp onto snow below using skis.

•Snowboarding: A relatively new addition to the Winter Olympics, snowboarding includes events such as halfpipe and parallel giant slalom.

Winter Olympic Sports

Winter Olympic sports are sports that are played during the winter season. The most popular winter Olympic sports are ice hockey, curling, and skiing. Winter Olympic sports are typically played on snow or ice.

Alpine Skiing

Alpine skiing is the sport of skiing down steep, icy slopes using special skis and poles. It is one of the most popular winter sports in the world.

Alpine skiing includes four main disciplines:

Downhill: A timed race down a long, steep slope.
Slalom: A course marked by gates (pairs of poles) that must be skied between. The gates are closer together in a slalom race than in a giant slalom race.
Giant slalom: A longer course than a slalom, with wider Turns.
Super-G: A cross between downhill and giant slalom, with longer turns than in downhill racing but fewer and shorter turns than in giant slalom racing.


The Biathlon is one of the most popular winter Olympic sports. It combines the skills of cross-country skiing with the accuracy of rifle shooting. The sport originated in Scandinavia, and was first included in the Olympic games in 1960.

Competitors start at the same time, and ski around a course for a certain distance. They then stop at a shooting range, where they must hit five targets. If they miss a target, they must ski around a penalty loop before continuing. The first person to cross the finish line wins the race.

The Biathlon is a test of both physical endurance and shooting accuracy, and is one of the most thrilling sports to watch at the Winter Olympics.


Bobsleigh is a winter sport in which teams of two or four teammates make timed runs down narrow, twisting, banked iced track in a gravity-powered sled. The timed runs are combined to calculate the final score. During the run, the sled may reach speeds of up to 140kph.

Originating in the late 19th century, bobsleigh has been featured as a sport in the Winter Olympics since 1924. It is governed by the International Bobsleigh & Skeleton Federation (IBSF), created in 1923.

Cross-Country Skiing

Cross-country skiing is one of the oldest sports in the Winter Olympics, having been contested since the inaugural games in 1924. It is also one of the most endurance-based events, with athletes often racing for over an hour at a time.

Cross-country skiing is split into two main disciplines – classic and freestyle. In the classic discipline, athletes ski in tracks that have been set in the snow, while in freestyle they are able to ski anywhere on the course. The courses themselves are varied, with some being more technical than others.

Athletes will often compete in bothdisciplines at a major competition such as the Olympics, with races being held for both sexes and teams, as well as a mixed relay event.


Curling is a sport in which players slide stones across a sheet of ice towards a target area which is segmented into four concentric circles. It is an official sport of the Winter Olympic Games and is most popular in Canada, the United States, Sweden, and Scotland.

Figure Skating

‘Winter Olympic Sports – (What Are the Sports in Winter Olympics?)’

‘Heading:Figure Skating’

Figure skating is one of the oldest winter sports and was included in the first Winter Olympics in 1924. It is a sport that combines art and athletics, and is often described as ‘ballet on ice’. Skaters perform jumps, spins and other acrobatic maneuvers individually, in pairs or in groups.

There are four disciplines in figure skating: men’s singles, women’s singles, pairs skating, and ice dancing. In each discipline, skaters are judged on their technical skill, artistic expression and overall performance. Figure skating is a popular sport to watch during the Winter Olympics, because of its gracefulness and elegance.

Freestyle Skiing

Freestyle skiing is a form of skiing that includes aerials, moguls, cross-country skiing, ski half-pipe, and slopestyle. It was first recognized as an official sport in the 1992 Winter Olympics.

Ice Hockey

Ice hockey is one of the most popular winter Olympic sports. It is a fast-paced, contact sport played on ice by two teams of six players each. The objective of the game is to score goals by shooting a puck into the opposing team’s net.

Hockey is a relatively easy sport to understand and follow, making it one of the most popular winter Olympic sports. The fast pace and physicality of the game make it exciting to watch, and the skills required to play at a high level are impressive.

If you’re new to hockey, or just want to learn more about the game, check out our guide to understanding ice hockey.


Luge (/luːʒ/ lozh; from German: Luge, Italian: slitta) is a winter sport in which one or more sleds glide down a cold track on wheels, usually made of stainless steel, with the help of gravity. A runner starts the sled from the top and generally lies supine on the sled, letting gravity pull the sled down the track. Riders use their calf muscles and body weight to navigate turns.

Luge is primarily practiced in Austria, Germany, Liechtenstein, Italy (particularly South Tyrol), Romania and Switzerland. Americas include Canada (especially Québec), United States and Uruguay. New Zealand has had a luge program since 1984. Australia had its first artificial track constructed in 1980 for use during therouch Winter Olympics that were held in Lake Placid that year. The sport is governed by the International Luge Federation (FIL). A natural track luge has been featured as an Olympic sport since 1964 when it was included as a men’s sport in Innsbruck, Austria.

The main competition consists of four runs; each timed separately. Each luger gets two runs on each day of competition; one in the morning and one in the afternoon/evening (the latter run is only for those who make it into the top 20 positions after day 1’s Runs 1 & 2). The combined time of all four runs determines final placement.

Nordic Combined

Nordic combined is one of the most thrilling sports in the Winter Olympics. It’s a hybrid of ski jumping and cross-country skiing, and it’s not for the faint of heart.

In the Nordic combined, athletes compete in both ski jumping and cross-country skiing. The competition starts with a ski jumping event, followed by a cross-country race. The athlete with the fastest combined time wins the gold medal.

Nordic combined is an incredibly challenging sport that requires strength, endurance, and precision. It’s also one of the most popular sports in the Winter Olympics, with fans all over the world.

Short Track Speed Skating

Short track speed skating is a form of competitive ice speed skating. In competitions, multiple skaters skate on an oval-shaped track. The size of the track can vary, but it is usually between 111 and 400 meters.Short track speed skating originated in North America and has been a part of the Winter Olympic Games since 1992.

The sport is governed by the International Skating Union (ISU). Skaters compete in races ranging from 500 meters to 3000 meters. There are also relay races, where teams of four skaters each skate one lap of the track.

Short track speed skating is a dangerous sport, and serious injuries are not uncommon. In 2013, South Korean skater Lim Hyo-jun died after colliding with another skater during a race.


In skeleton, a sledding sport that made its Winter Olympic debut in 2002, athletes ride headfirst down an icy track on a small sled, reaching speeds of up to 90 miles per hour.

The sled’s cold, slick surface requires the athletes to wear spandex suits and gloves to provide friction and help them steer. They lie on their stomachs with their head up, shoulders first, looking down the course.

Athletes start the race by pushing off from the starting gate for about 50 yards before jumping onto the sled. They then ride for about 1 minute before crossing the finish line.

During the course of the race, athletes use their body weight to steer left or right by shifting their hips and shoulders. To increase speed, they may tuck their bodies into a torpedo-like position or lie flat on their stomachs.

Ski Jumping

Ski jumping is a winter sport in which athletes descend a ski jump, flying as far as possible before landing. It is considered one of the more dangerous sports in the Winter Olympics, and has been plagued by several high-profile accidents in recent years.still, it remains a popular spectator sport, especially in Europe. There are two main types of ski jumping: the normal hill and the large hill. The large hill is more challenging and thus more popular with fans and competitors alike.


Snowboarding was first introduced as aWinter Olympic sport at the 1998 Winter Games in Nagano, Japan. There are three events in Olympic snowboarding — the halfpipe, parallel giant slalom, and snowboard cross.

Snowboarders compete in the halfpipe event by riding down a U-shaped course and performing jumps and tricks while going from one side of the pipe to the other. The parallel giant slalom is similar to downhill skiing, where competitors race down a slope while trying to make their way through a series of gates. In snowboard cross, also known as boardercross, four snowboarders race down a course filled with obstacles and jumps. The first person to cross the finish line wins.

Speed Skating

Speed skating is a sport in which competitors skate around an oval track. The aim is to complete the race in the shortest time possible. Speed skating is contested at both the Winter Olympic Games and the Winter Paralympic Games.

There are two main types of speed skating: short track and long track. Short track speed skating takes place on a rink that is smaller than a standard 400m oval, while long track speed skating takes place on a larger oval.

Speed skaters start from a standing start, and must skate in a clockwise direction. There are different techniques for different distances; for example, skaters may choose to adopt a more efficient ‘inline’ technique for longer distances, or a ‘double-push’ technique for shorter distances.

Competitors must wear helmets and can choose to wear other protective equipment such as gloves, shin pads and neck guards.

The sport of speed skating has its roots in Northern Europe, and was first contested at the Winter Olympics in 1924. It has been part of the Paralympic Winter Games since 1984.


In conclusion, the Winter Olympics is a global event that features athletes from all over the world competing in a variety of different sports. While some of the sports may be more popular than others, each one is a vital part of the Games and helps to make them the exciting and well-rounded event that they are.

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